If you live in a hilly area and consider transitioning to bike commuting, you might be wondering what type of bike would fit best your commute.
What are the best bikes for hilly commutes? The best bikes for a hilly commute are fitness, gravel, and hybrid bikes. They combine comfort with versatility: a large range of gear ratios, enable slow climbs and fast downhill rides. Flat, drop, and bullhorn handlebars allow a comfortable riding position, and a more forward-leaning one to exert greater effort on climbs.
Bikes for Hilly Commutes
We have identified the top three bikes for a hilly commute, but which is best for you? Each of these bike types offers a large range of gear ratios, and different riding positions for your comfort and confidence level, most ideal for commuting across hills.
Now, looking at their differences, it is up to you to decide which type best fits your entire ride. Every commute is different, as is every rider. Below we will discuss the benefits of each bike type to identify which meets your commuter needs.
Fitness bikes are designed for paved urban roads. Of the three, they are most similar to a road bike, favoring speed over comfort. We like them for hills because the tires are wider than a road bike, with a little more grip.
The flat handlebars sit you more upright, allowing for a better field of vision when cycling through traffic.
Fitness bikes generally have a large gear ratio– offering many gears to adapt to changing elevation. This improves both the comfort and efficiency of your ride, making the most of each turn of the pedal.
Gravel bikes are to mountain bikes what road bikes are to fitness. Designed for rough terrain, they maintain the thicker tires and some even have the shock suspension of a mountain bike, ultimately resulting in a smoother ride. This increases your comfort on gravel paths or uneven cement.
Gravel bikes are going to weigh more than fitness bikes, causing them to ride a bit slower in spite of their grace. Weight is important to consider when thinking about how you will store your bike. This is something to keep in mind especially if you will be climbing stairs up to your apartment with your bike every day.
With fitness and gravel bikes falling on opposite ends of the biking spectrum, hybrid bikes fall right in the middle. They combine the best of each – the smoother ride of the gravel bike and the lighter frame of the fitness.
There is very little a hybrid bike can not do. If your terrain is more varied (though inevitably hilly!), the hybrid bike is best equipped to conquer both urban pavement and the bumps of a less-maintained back road.
They offer a large range of gear ratios, making climbing hills a breeze.
Bikes to Avoid
Just as there are bikes best suited for hilly commutes, there are also those that would be terrible. In a different scenario, all of these bikes could be a smart choice, but they are not designed for climbing hills every day.
Although possible, you will be working harder than necessary to get these bikes to and from work, resulting in a cumbersome trek instead of a complementary partnership. Below, we outline the bike types least suited for hilly commutes.
- Dutch-Style Bikes: The dutch bike is a popular aesthetic choice, but not for the serious commuter. Dutch bikes are slow. They are made only for very smooth paths and weigh a ton. Typically, dutch bikes only have a few gears. This is perfect for city dwellers and beach-goers on island time, but not your hilly commute. A larger gear ratio allows you to fine-tune your bike to match your effort. A Dutch-style bike is not equipped to do so on a steep climb.
- Single Speed Bikes: True to their name, single-speed bikes only have– you guessed it– one speed! More of a novelty than a tool, these bikes can not be adjusted in response to changes in elevation. When biking, you want to maintain a consistent cadence, or rhythm, when pedaling. On a single-speed bike, your cadence would change constantly depending on your elevation and the amount of resistance to your momentum, resulting in an exhausting and inefficient ride.
- Road Bikes: The sleek road bike is a tempting choice for a commuter. Designed to roll as fast as possible, how could they not be the best for getting you where you want to go? Because road bikes are built for speed they generally lack lower gear ratios that will make the climb very difficult.
Things to Consider
Above are the main differences between each type of bike. However, within each type, there are infinite numbers of modifications. Once you have chosen the type of bike, you can really hone in on its parts and accessories to truly make it yours.
By customizing the various parts of your bicycle, you can design a piece of machinery that truly complements your route and ride style, enhancing your bike’s ability to tackle that hilly commute.
Handlebars: The style of the handlebar determines your seated position on the bike. Depending on the bar height and shape, you can be anywhere from completely upright to parallel to the ground.
Drop handlebars tend to seat the rider closer to the ground. That is more aerodynamic, and appropriate for speed, but limits visibility. Cruiser handlebars will position you more upright, then flat bars, bullhorns, and so on.
As a general rule, when riding uphill, the more you can lean forward the easier the climb is. For example, bullhorn or drop handlebars are excellent for climbing steep hills as you can lean forward more and put your body weight to the front. This allows you to climb a hill with less effort.
On the other hand, the more upright you sit, the less you can put your body weight forward, and the harder the climb will be. Swept-back, Dutch-style handlebars force you to sit in a completely upright position, (bodyweight on the rear wheel) with your hands almost beside your waist, making it really hard to climb steep hills.
Gear Ratio: The combination of the front chainrings and the rear cassette gears will give you the gear ratio. Each combination changes the tension on the bike chain, and the resistance you feel in your legs in relation to the elevation of the bike’s path.
Like handlebars, there are extremes on each end of the spectrum, with many sensible options in the middle. On a hilly commute, you will appreciate a wider gear ratio that easily adapts your bike to the climb.
Suspension Fork: A suspension fork attaches to the front wheel of the bike and holds most of the rider’s weight. It also absorbs the shock of uneven terrain a bike passes over.
Suspension forks affect a bike’s ability to climb a hill. When you climb a hill, you put your weight in the front of the bike and the suspension fork absorbs some of the energy. You will notice as you pedal that the front of the bike moves up and down, requiring more energy to climb the hill.
If you are still interested in a suspension fork, consider one with a lockout knob. A lockout knob stops the suspension, allowing the fork to act as a rigid fork.
Using a bike as your main form of transportation is both intimidating and empowering. With the wrong equipment, you can quickly become exhausted and burn out. But, if you outfit your equipment to match your riding preferences and terrain challenges, your Monday morning can be exhilarating. Stick to the guidelines above and you will rock your hilly commute.